CloudFormation Resources

In addition to per-lambda custom resources, a service may benefit from the ability to include a service-scoped Lambda backed CustomResource.

Including a custom service scoped resource is a multi-step process. The code excerpts below are from the SpartaCustomResource sample application.

1. Resource Type

The first step is to define a custom CloudFormation Resource Type

// 1 - Define the custom type
const spartaHelloWorldResourceType = "Custom::sparta::HelloWorldResource"

2. Request Parameters

The next step is to define the parameters that are supplied to the custom resource invocation. This is done via a struct that will be later embedded into the CustomResourceCommand.

// SpartaCustomResourceRequest is what the UserProperties
// should be set to in the CustomResource invocation
type SpartaCustomResourceRequest struct {
  Message *gocf.StringExpr

3. Command Handler

With the parameters defined, define the CustomResourceCommand that is responsible for performing the external operations based on the specified request parameters.

// SpartaHelloWorldResource is a simple POC showing how to create custom resources
type SpartaHelloWorldResource struct {

// Create implements resource create
func (command SpartaHelloWorldResource) Create(awsSession *session.Session,
  event *spartaAWSResource.CloudFormationLambdaEvent,
  logger *zerolog.Logger) (map[string]interface{}, error) {

  requestPropsErr := json.Unmarshal(event.ResourceProperties, &command)
  if requestPropsErr != nil {
  return nil, requestPropsErr
  logger.Info("create: ", command.Message.Literal)
  return map[string]interface{}{
  "Resource": "Created message: " + command.Message.Literal,
  }, nil

// Update implements resource update
func (command SpartaHelloWorldResource) Update(awsSession *session.Session,
  event *spartaAWSResource.CloudFormationLambdaEvent,
  logger *zerolog.Logger) (map[string]interface{}, error) {
  return "", nil

// Delete implements resource delete
func (command SpartaHelloWorldResource) Delete(awsSession *session.Session,
  event *spartaAWSResource.CloudFormationLambdaEvent,
  logger *zerolog.Logger) (map[string]interface{}, error) {
  return "", nil

4. Register Type Provider

To make the new type available to Sparta’s internal CloudFormation template marshalling, register the new type via go-cloudformation.RegisterCustomResourceProvider:

func init() {
  customResourceFactory := func(resourceType string) gocf.ResourceProperties {
    switch resourceType {
    case spartaHelloWorldResourceType:
      return &SpartaHelloWorldResource{}
    return nil

5. Annotate Template

The final step is to ensure the custom resource command is included in the Sparta binary that defines your service and then create an invocation of that command. The annotation is expressed as a ServiceDecoratorHookHandler that performs both operations as part of the general service build lifecycle…

func customResourceHooks() *sparta.WorkflowHooks {
  // Add the custom resource decorator
  customResourceDecorator := func(context map[string]interface{},
    serviceName string,
    template *gocf.Template,
    S3Bucket string,
    S3Key string,
    buildID string,
    awsSession *session.Session,
    noop bool,
    logger *zerolog.Logger) error {

    // 1. Ensure the Lambda Function is registered
    customResourceName, customResourceNameErr := sparta.EnsureCustomResourceHandler(serviceName,
      nil, // This custom action doesn't need to access other AWS resources

    if customResourceNameErr != nil {
      return customResourceNameErr

    // 2. Create the request for the invocation of the lambda resource with
    // parameters
    spartaCustomResource := &SpartaHelloWorldResource{}
    spartaCustomResource.ServiceToken = gocf.GetAtt(customResourceName, "Arn")
    spartaCustomResource.Message = gocf.String("Custom resource activated!")

    resourceInvokerName := sparta.CloudFormationResourceName("SpartaCustomResource",
      fmt.Sprintf("%v", S3Bucket),
      fmt.Sprintf("%v", S3Key))

    // Add it
    template.AddResource(resourceInvokerName, spartaCustomResource)
    return nil
  // Add the decorator to the template
  hooks := &sparta.WorkflowHooks{}
  hooks.ServiceDecorators = []sparta.ServiceDecoratorHookHandler{
  return hooks

Provide the hooks structure to MainEx to include this custom resource with your service’s provisioning lifecycle.